The people were convinced that the Government was planning to convert Indians to Christianity. The soldiers were reluctant at first, but decided to join Nana Sahib, when he promised to double their pay and reward them with gold, if they were to destroy the British entrenchment.
The forces were divided into three presidency armies: Also slow supplies of food, water and medicine added to their misery and they decided to surrender, in return for a safe passage to Allahabad. Amid the prevailing chaos in Kanpur, Nana Sahib and his forces entered the British magazine situated in the northern part of the town.
A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. The annexation of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie on the pretext of maladministration left thousands of nobles, officials, retainers and soldiers jobless. Kunwar Singh assumed command of the soldiers who had revolted at Danapur on July 5.
The rebels were short of weapons and finances.
Delhi was besieged on June 8. South and West India remained largely outside the fold of the revolt. After his defeat, the emperor granted the Company the right to the "collection of Revenue" in the provinces of Bengal modern day BengalBihar, and Odishaknown as "Diwani" to the Company.
There was discrimination among the British and Indian soldiers. Besides, an Indian sepoy could not rise to a rank higher than that of a Subedar The extension of the British Empire in India had adversely affected the service conditions of Indian sepoys.
Nature of the Revolt: He was hanged to death on 8th April. The official Blue Books, East India Torture —, laid before the House of Commons during the sessions of andrevealed that Company officers were allowed an extended series of appeals if convicted or accused of brutality or crimes against Indians.
The middle and upper classes and the modern educated Indians also did not support the revolt. There the mutinous sepoys were joined by the disbanded soldiers from the old Awadh army. Begum Hazrat Mahal, one of the begums of the ex-king of Awadh, took up the leadership of the revolt.
They contend that the Indian soldier was a peasant in uniform and wanted to throw away the feudal domination infused by the British. The Revolt of started as a sepoy mutiny.
The Revolt of paved the way for the future struggle for freedom in India. Then they took very quick action with heavy forces.
On May 10thcavalry troops while doing parade at Meerut broke ranks. They then occupied the strategic fort at Gwalior. The soldiers of the 53rd Native Infantry, which was guarding the magazine, thought that Nana Sahib had come to guard the magazine on behalf of the British.
Henry Lawrence, the British resident was killed at Lucknow. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of The Indian Rebellion of occurred as the result of an accumulation of factors over time, rather than any single event.
The rebellion spread from Meerut through the Gangetic plain since many Hindu priests and seers had been predicting the end of British rule just years after the Battle of Plassey This was because Muslims believe that pigs are unclean.
Causes[ change change source ] The causes of the mutiny are hard to pin down, and have been much argued about. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. It was believed that the cartridges used in the riffles were made of pig fat and cow fat which were restricted for the Muslims and Hindus respectively.
The Revolt of eventually broke out over the incident of greased cartridges. Zafar was the least threatening and least ambitious of monarchs, and the legacy of the Mughal Empire was more acceptable a uniting force to most allied kings than the domination of any other Indian kingdom.
Nana Saheb, Tantia Tope and Rani Lakshmi Bai were brave leaders, no doubt, but they could not offer effective leadership to the movement as a whole. It made India a part of the British Empire.Write a short note on the Revolt of in India Shona Khurana Advertisements: The first real challenge to British authority came in the form of a popular revolt in AD It began with a mutiny of the soldiers but was soon joined by all sections of the Indian society.
The revolt was a result of the numerous grievances of the people against. The revolt impacted the governance infrastructures because the taxation system was remade in order to restore the finances of the Indian administration.
For example, income tax was imposed on wealthier urban groups for the first time. Finally, the revolutionary uprising of was a movement which portrayed India’s patriotism and unity.
The revolt of was a landmark event in the history of India. It was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from British imperialism. The period after the revolt saw major changes in British policies and in the administrative set-up of India.
Read more:List of important leaders Associated with the Revolt ofleaders of revolt of and the places to which they belong, leaders of revolt of information, great revolt of The Indian Rebellion of occurred as the result of an accumulation of factors over time, rather than any single event.
The major events to constitute to it were as follows: 1. Main article: Causes of the Indian Rebellion of The Indian Rebellion of occurred as the result of an accumulation of factors over time, rather than any single event. The sepoys were local soldiers, the majority Hindu or Muslim, that were recruited into the Company’s army.Download