The first is that both theories do involve the importance of sex in development. Personality is studied as the differences in characteristics of people and how these come together to form a whole, complete person Ng, Chong, Ching, Beh, Lim, However, there have been no new views that have combined humanism with psychodynamics to utilize the best of both.
The Humanistic Approach The humanistic approach contrasts so greatly with the psychoanalytic approach which it is a response to due to the mere fact that it is a lot more optimistic with regards to human nature Lahey, The humanistic approach to personality in psychology focuses on the human inner desires to do well and achieve the higher level of success that they hope and dream of.
It is said in humanistic therapy, the therapist provides opportunities for change, but it is up to the patient to actively solve his or her own problems. The needs that he recognized were arranged in a hierarchy where one works on the basic ones and once those are satisfied, moves on to the higher level McLeod, b.
Freud did not consider situations where there were people who were homosexual, asexual or bisexual etc. The new view would take all parts of the mind and body, conscious and unconscious, into consideration, leading to a stronger diagnosis and treatment in the end.
There is no right or wrong when it comes to different approaches to psychology. An example of this interaction is when an infant is involved with their parents, the ego and superego will be developed and thus at some point they will no longer rely on them to make decisions but rather, they will be able to make their own decisions Ng et al.
Humanists believe that conscious thoughts and feelings shape behavior. Abraham Maslow Maslow stated that there is an opportunity for all individuals to grow and develop, fulfilling their ultimate potential. The id The id is completely unconscious and includes the instincts and libido life instincts.
All humans have personality traits but these traits can be different. These thoughts and feelings are easily accessible and thus do not require much effort Comer et al.
The self-control at this stage now comes from the threat of guilt and shame rather than the parental control which was previously there to keep one in check Comer et al. Differing Goals The goals of psychodynamic and humanistic therapists are very different.
Both views must be explored and combined to form a common ground in order to keep advancing the study and treatment of the mind. Differences between the two approaches It is a lot easier to identify the differences between the two contrasting theories as their core principles contradict.
The Freudian and psychodynamic view of human development is based on psychosexual stages as follows: The issues of neuropsychology and other biological functions and processes are also focus that helps understand the human psychology and personality.
The id makes people selfish and inconsiderate and thus will only do what is good for them and not necessarily consider the effect that it could have on others Comer et al. Many children at this stage recognize that acceptance is crucial and they develop their conditions of worth which can make them feel that they must meet criteria in order to be socially accepted.
There is a great lack of biological references in the work and fail to include evolutionary thoughts. Although these positive contributions were made, there were many that are not seen as such, these are: Oral age focuses on sucking and survival Anal ages focuses on potty training Phallic ages focuses on adult traits such as vanity and pride Genital, which starts with the onset of puberty.
The psychodynamic view is more negative and pessimistic, whereas the humanistic view is that mostly all people are good. In this regard the focus of the self-actualization and self-esteem are important that help determine the person whether or not they have achieved their desire level of success and how far they still have to go.
Hence the main focus in this approach in to understand the personality through the relationship between genetics and personality as well as the evidence for the origins of personality that helps understand the impact on other external factors and the genetic resemblance.
The Id seeks pleasure, the Ego is the thinker and planner, and the Superego is the voice of reason. From the nature- nurture basis the learning personality approach is more focused on the nurture part where the human develops sense of the things and objects around them through learning about them and then creating a perception or degree of understanding about them.For this essay I will be comparing and contrasting the psychodynamic approach concentrating on Sigmund Freud () and humanistic approach looking at Carl Rogers theory () focussing on mainly the middle adult stage of.
The Comparison between Psychodynamic and Humanistic Theory There are very distinct differences between Psychodynamic and Humanistic Counselling but both ultimately offer the help and guidance to discover why we act the way we do and why we make certain choices in our lives.
Compare and contrast Humanistic and Psychodynamic theories of Personality comparisons and contrasts of humanistic and psychodynamic theories of personality.
Unit Humanistic and Psychodynamic Abraham Harold Maslow- Humanistic Approach Humanistic is the psychology study of how the human works as a whole.
This studies the uniqueness of the person through their behaviour. Compare and Contrast Psychodynamic and Humanistic Essay. Compare and contrast Psychodynamic Approaches, Trait, Learning, Biological and Evolutionary, and Humanistic Approaches to personality.
Which approach to personality do you find the most compelling? Different approaches to psychotherapy. Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapies.
This approach focuses on changing problematic behaviors, feelings, and thoughts by discovering their unconscious meanings and motivations. Humanistic philosophers like Jean-Paul Sartre, Martin Buber and Søren Kierkegaard influenced.Download